The image of a sunny beach setting fill your mind at the thought of palm trees, right? Palm trees are far more important than simply that. With the ability to grow in diverse environments, these plants are capable of withstanding storms.
Not all palm trees are actually trees nor really a palm. They can grow in the form of a bush or wood vines. Palm trees have 2 different leaf types- palmate and pinnate. These plants also serve essential religious symbols. It forms the basis of Palm Sunday (a week before Easter) when Jesus was welcomed with palms a week before his death. It likewise represents tranquility and wealth in Judaism.
With over 2500 types, the majority are discovered in the tropical, subtropical and warm areas. Palm trees provide staples and various other products. Coconut, betel nuts, dates, palm wine (indigenous to Asia and Africa) and palm oil are obtained from palm trees.
Determining Palm Trees
The recognition of palm trees is normally done by the unique form of the leaves (palm fronds). Typically, there are 2 different leaf shapes, which are palmate (fan-like) and pinnate (feather-like).
The shape of the trunk is also made use of in distinguishing palm trees. High varieties of palm trees have long slim single trunks while dwarf or small varieties have short fat trunks.
Some small varieties might have 3 to 4 trunks clustered and growing together. And there are also some dwarf varieties that don’t have any kind of trunk at all. They grow out of the ground as bushy pinnate fronds.
Also, some tall selections might have smooth slender trunks and some have a bumpy or ringed appearance. The trunk in some palms are covered in fiber which enables the hairy look they possess.
Small/Dwarf Palm Trees
Small ranges of palms are typically regarding 3.6 m or much less in elevation. The usual sorts of palm tree that falls in the small/dwarf classification include;
● Pygmy Date Palm
The Pygmy Date Palm, Phoenix roebelenii, is a palm tree with a spiky trunk. It does not grow taller than 3m and it has a single stem. The stem has long bushy pinnate leaves which are about 1m long. The dates produced by the pygmy palm are not as yummy as those created on the taller date palm.
● Bottle Palm Tree
Hyophorbe lagenicaulis, frequently called Container Palm Tree, got its name from its trunk shape. The tree has a thick and short trunk which looks swollen at the base. The trunk grows to concerning 3m in elevation with 3 to 4 leaves. The palm fronds can rise to about 3.6 m long at maturity and the leaflets regarding 0.6 m long.
● Pindo Palm
Butia capitata, commonly known as the Pindo palm tree, is a slow-growing palm varieties. It is a specie of cold-hardy palms and can grow as high as 4.5 m to 6m. Pindo palms are tolerant of most soil kinds. The fruit yielded by the pindo palm has a light orange to brown colour and is commonly used in making jelly.
● Dwarf Majesty Palm
Dwarf Majesty Palm, Ravenea hildebrandtii, is one of the most popular short palm trees for landscape design and gardens. It has a single trunk which is about 7cm (3 inches) thick and the leaves are dark green feather-like (pinnate). The plant has a maximum height of 2.4 m (8ft). The leaves are about 100cm (3ft) long and could have as many as 100 leaflets along the stem.
● Triangle Palm
Triangle palm, Neodypsis decaryi, is characterised by long pinnate fronds that can get to about 2.5 m (8 ft) in length. The leaflets of the palm point out at an angle of 120 ° which gives the fronds a triangular shape. The palm got its name from the leaves which fan out from a single fibrous stem to form an one-of-a-kind triangle appearance. It is an ornamental type of palm tree appropriate for subtropical and tropical gardens.
● Mediterranean Dwarf Palm
The Mediterranean Dwarf Palm, Chamaerops humilis, has few clustered trunks. This makes the palm look more like a shrub. The Mediterranean Dwarf Palm grows between 2m to 5m (10 to 20ft). The wideness of the palm’s leaflets varies from 50cm to 80cm (20 to 30 inches) with a size of around 1.5 m (5ft). The palm leaves rise in a fan-like shape (palate) and are light-green to silver-green in color. Mediterranean Dwarf Palm is valued for its decorative value and it provides a tropical look when planted in temperate regions.
● Spindle Palm
Generally referred to as Spindle Palm, Hyophorbe verschaffeltii is commonly mistaken for the bottle palm. The palm got its name from the trunk which has a pin form- slender at both ends and thick at the middle.
Pin Palm has a sluggish development rate and can grow as tall as 4 to 8 feet. The leaves are green and feather-like and they rise in a V-shape fashion.
Various other sorts of Palm Trees
● Date Palms
Date Palms, Phoenix dactylifera, is valued as one of the historic palm trees and for its rich source of food. As evaluated by the name, date palm generates dates- a delicious kind of fruit.
It can rise as high as 100 feet and the leaves are feather-like formed. Regarding 10 to 20 leaves are grown yearly in a date palm and the size of the leaves can vary in between 12 to 18 feet. The leaves turn pale brownish after numerous years and fall off.
● Zombie Palm Trees
Zombia antillarum, commonly described as Zombie Palm Tree, is native to Hispaniola. The palm can rise to a height of 3 metres. The palm got its name from its sharp backs, like voodoo dolls, that grow on the trunk. Although a slow-growing palm, it can get to a height of 10 feet.
● Windmill Palm Tree
Windmill Palm tree, Trachycarpus fortunei, is one of the sturdy species of the palm tree. It has a slender trunk and can grow as high as 44 feet high. The leaves have a fan-like shape though the tip has a weeping look. Windmill Palm tree is indigenous to Japan and China and has several names as Chinese Windmill Palm and Chusan palm.
● Coconut Tree
Cocos nucifera, frequently referred to as the Coconut tree is typically located in the tropical beaches. The palm can rise to attain an altitude of 20 metres. The leaves are feather-like (pinnate) and can reach a length of 3 metres. The fruit of this palm tree, coconut, can measure up to 2kg and it is the largest seed that exists.
● Cuban Royal Palm
Cuban royal palm, Roystonea regia, is native to Bahamas, Vuna, Puerto Rico and some Mexico regions. The palm usually does not go beyond 25m in height yet it can grow as tall as 40 metres. The leaves are feather-like shaped and have many leaflets. The trunk has a size of regarding 60cm and has a smooth look.
● Florida Thatch Palm
Florida Thatch palm, Thrinax radiata, is frequently located along the seaside freeways of South Florida. It can grow to a height of 15 to 20 feet. It is a slow-growing tree with large fan-shaped leaves.
The palm tree produces little fruits which is a terrific food for birds.
The tallest palm tree is the Quindio wax palm which is Colombia’s national tree. It can rise to about 200 feet tall.
However, with over 2500 species, many palm trees are going into extinction. Palm trees are gorgeous and you could think about rising a dwarf variety to beautify your landscape.